Question: Where Does Seafloor Spreading Occur Quizlet?

What is the first step of seafloor spreading?

A crack forms in oceanic crust.

Molten rock rises up through oceanic crust.

Molten rock solidifies at the center of the ridge..

What is the theory of seafloor spreading quizlet?

In sea-floor spreading, the sea floor spreads apart along both sides of a mid-ocean ridge as new crust is added. As a result, the ocean floors move like conveyor belts, carrying the continents along with them. … an undersea mountain chain where new ocean floor is produced.

Where is active seafloor spreading occurring today?

Where is active sea floor spreading occurring today? Seafloor spreading is the movement of old rock that is being pushed by the new young oceanic crust. This would be a divergent since the plates are separating from each other. Active seafloor spreading is occurring at mid-ocean ridges.

What was Harry Hess theory of seafloor spreading?

Hess envisaged that oceans grew from their centres, with molten material (basalt) oozing up from the Earth’s mantle along the mid ocean ridges. This created new seafloor which then spread away from the ridge in both directions.

What is the average speed of seafloor spreading?

approximately 5 centimeters a yearThe average speed of seafloor spreading is approximately 5 centimeters a year. This growth rate can be compared to the growth rate of human fingernails (Krupicka). The global ridge system consists of oceanic ridges. Seafloor spreading occurs at these elevated oceanic ridges and has high heat flow and volcanism.

What boundaries can destroy seafloor?

At convergent plate boundaries, oceanic crust is often forced down into the mantle where it begins to melt. Magma rises into and through the other plate, solidifying into granite, the rock that makes up the continents. Thus, at convergent boundaries, continental crust is created and oceanic crust is destroyed.

What is seafloor spreading simple?

Seafloor spreading happens at the bottom of an ocean as tectonic plates move apart. The seafloor moves and carries continents with it. … At the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (and other places), material from the upper mantle rises through the faults between oceanic plates. It forms new crust as the plates move away from each other.

What are the 4 steps of seafloor spreading?

Terms in this set (7)Magma comes out of the rift valley.Magma cools to rock and hardens.Rock is pushed away as new rock is formed at MOR.Oceanic crust and continental crust meet at the trench.Oceanic crust bends down under the continental crust.Gravity pulls rock towards mantle.Rock melts to mantle.

What causes seafloor spreading?

Seafloor spreading helps explain continental drift in the theory of plate tectonics. When oceanic plates diverge, tensional stress causes fractures to occur in the lithosphere. … At a spreading center, basaltic magma rises up the fractures and cools on the ocean floor to form new seabed.

What is the first step of seafloor spreading quizlet?

1. A long crack in the oceanic crust forms at a mid ocean ridge. 2. Molten material rises and erupts along the ridge.

What provides evidence of seafloor spreading?

Several types of evidence supported Hess’s theory of sea-floor spreading: eruptions of molten material, magnetic stripes in the rock of the ocean floor, and the ages of the rocks themselves. This evidence led scientists to look again at Wegener’s hypothesis of continental drift.

Who discovered seafloor spreading?

Harry HessHarry Hess: One of the Discoverers of Seafloor Spreading main content.

What are the three types of seafloor spreading?

There are three types of plate-plate interactions based upon relative motion: convergent, where plates collide, divergent, where plates separate, and transform motion, where plates simply slide past each other.

When did seafloor spreading start?

The discovery of the Great Global Rift in the 1950s inspired him to look back at his data from years before. After much thought, he proposed in 1960 that the movement of the continents was a result of sea-floor spreading. In 1962, he added a geologic mechanism to account for Wegener’s moving continents.

Where does seafloor spreading occur?

Seafloor spreading occurs along mid-ocean ridges—large mountain ranges rising from the ocean floor. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge, for instance, separates the North American plate from the Eurasian plate, and the South American plate from the African plate.

What causes seafloor spreading quizlet?

During sea-floor spreading, magma erupts along a mid-ocean ridge to form new oceanic lithosphere. The floor then moves away from the ridge, often toward a trench at the edge of the ocean basin. … These strips form a pattern that is the same on both sides of the mid-ocean ridge.

What is the difference between seafloor spreading and continental drift?

Continental drift is a very similar process to seafloor spreading. Continental drift is the gradual movement of continental plates over the Earth’s surface over time. … Seafloor spreading is the formation of new areas of oceanic crust due to the upwelling of magma as oceanic aparts pull apart.

How is paleomagnetism evidence of seafloor spreading?

Magnetic reversals show up as bands of alternating polarity in the slowly spreading seafloor. … This explanation of magnetic striping by paleomagnetism convinced scientists that new oceanic crust was being continually formed at mid-oceanic ridges. Seafloor spreading was accepted as a reality.