Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Diseases Caused By Bacteria?

What illnesses can bacteria cause?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria.

These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses.

Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi.

Parasites..

What is a very rare disease?

In the United States, a rare disease is defined as a condition that affects fewer than 200,000 people in the US. This definition was created by Congress in the Orphan Drug Act of 1983. Rare diseases became known as orphan diseases because drug companies were not interested in adopting them to develop treatments.

How do bacteria grow?

Bacteria do not grow and multiply the same way as animals or humans. They take in nutrients and reproduce by dividing – one bacteria splits and becomes two bacteria, two become four, four become eight and so on. Doubling can occur quickly if the conditions – enough nutrients, proper temperature, adequate moisture, etc.

What disease kills the fastest?

Flesh Eating Bug. This bug can quickly sweep through the body eating the body’s soft tissue. … Cholera. This is an intestinal disease caused by eating contaminated water or food and can kill anyone within hours. … Enterovirus D68. … Bubonic Plague. … Ebola. … Dengue Fever.

What race has the most genetic disorders?

Examples of genetic conditions that are more common in particular ethnic groups are sickle cell disease, which is more common in people of African, African American, or Mediterranean heritage; and Tay-Sachs disease, which is more likely to occur among people of Ashkenazi (eastern and central European) Jewish or French …

What are the 7 pathogens?

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens, which include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms, viruses, and even infectious proteins called prions.

Which disease is not caused by bacteria?

Common pathogenic bacteria and the types of bacterial diseases they cause include: Escherichia coli and Salmonella cause food poisoning. Helicobacter pylori cause gastritis and ulcers. Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes the sexually transmitted disease gonorrhea.

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What is the number 1 killer in the world?

Heart disease—most commonly caused by coronary artery and valvular diseases—is the #1 killer in the United States. It accounted for almost one-fourth of all registered deaths.

Which plague killed the most?

the Black DeathThe most fatal pandemic in recorded history was the Black Death (also known as The Plague), which killed an estimated 75–200 million people in the 14th century. The term was not used yet but was for later pandemics including the 1918 influenza pandemic (Spanish flu).

What is Stone Man Syndrome?

Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), also known as stone man syndrome, is a severely disabling and catastrophic-inherited disorder of connective tissue characterised by congenital malformation of the great toes, thumbs and vertebrae associated with progressive ossification of striated muscles.[1,2] In such …

How does the body get rid of pathogens?

In response to infection, your immune system springs into action. White blood cells, antibodies, and other mechanisms go to work to rid your body of the foreign invader.

What are the 5 diseases?

Infectious diseases affect billions of people around the globe annually. According to WHO and the CDC, these infectious diseases are the five most common.Hepatitis B. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are the 5 different types of pathogens?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms. Some common pathogens in each group are listed in the column on the right.

What is the deadliest disease?

7 Deadliest Diseases in History: Where are they now?The Black Death: Bubonic Plague. … The Speckled Monster: Smallpox. … Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) … Avian Influenza: Not Just One For The Birds. … Ebola: On The Radar Again. … Leprosy: A Feared Disease That Features In The Old Testament. … Polio: The Most Dreaded Childhood Disease Of The 1940-50s.

What is the main cause of infection?

The organisms that cause infections are very diverse and can include things like viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. You can acquire an infection in many different ways, such as directly from a person with an infection, via contaminated food or water, and even through the bite of an insect.

How does a bacteria infect the body?

Entering the Human Host Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.