What To Do When An Elderly Person Falls And Hits Their Head?

What are three psychological effects of a fall on an older person?

Fear of falling and other fall-related psychological concerns (FRPCs), such as falls-efficacy and balance confidence, are highly prevalent among community-dwelling older adults.

Anxiety and FRPCs have frequently, but inconsistently, been found to be associated in the literature..

What should you do if an elderly person falls?

What to Do if an Elderly Person Falls DownStay calm and help your loved one to remain calm by encouraging them to take slow, deep breaths.Examine them for injuries like bruises, bleeding, possible sprains and broken bones.Ask them if they are experiencing any pain, where it is located and how severe it is.More items…•

What is the 1 year mortality rate after a senior suffers a fall?

Deaths were identified using probabilistic linkage of the research dataset and the local mortality registry. The one-year cumulative mortality was 25.2% in the case of individuals with severe fractures and 4% for those individuals without.

What are the most serious consequences of a fall?

Many falls do not cause injuries. But one out of five falls does cause a serious injury such as a broken bone or a head injury. These injuries can make it hard for a person to get around, do everyday activities, or live on their own. Falls can cause broken bones, like wrist, arm, ankle, and hip fractures.

What is the most common cause of falls in the elderly?

Causes and Risk Factors for Falls Diabetes, heart disease, or problems with your thyroid, nerves, feet, or blood vessels can affect your balance. Some medicines can cause you to feel dizzy or sleepy, making you more likely to fall. Other causes include safety hazards in the home or community environment.

What are the effects of a fall on an older person?

balance problems and muscle weakness. poor vision. a long-term health condition, such as heart disease, dementia or low blood pressure (hypotension), which can lead to dizziness and a brief loss of consciousness.

At what height is a fall considered severe?

The American College of Surgeons’ Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) defines a critical threshold for a fall height in adults as > 20 feet (6 meters), as part of the field triage decision scheme for transport to a designated trauma center [3].

When would someone falling become a cause for concern?

Falling becomes a cause for concern when someone who suffered an earlier head injury notices a sudden change in how they feel. For example, a head injury that leads to constant headaches might be more serious than they thought if a person feels sudden sharp headache pain where there was none before.

What are the most serious consequences of a fall in the elderly?

For seniors, fractures are the most serious consequence of falls (short of death). The most common bones to fracture in falls are: The hip, femur (thigh bone), pelvis, and vertebrae (spine); The humerus (upper arm bone), forearm, and hand; and.

How long are you sore after a fall?

Chronic pain after injury for older people Pain can persist for quite a long time after traumatic injury, in some cases for many weeks or months. Longer-term pain (known as chronic pain) can affect the quality of recovery after trauma for older patients.

What to do if someone falls and hits their head?

If severe head trauma occursKeep the person still. Until medical help arrives, keep the injured person lying down and quiet, with the head and shoulders slightly elevated. … Stop any bleeding. Apply firm pressure to the wound with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. … Watch for changes in breathing and alertness.

What should you look for after a fall?

Seeking medical attention right away after a fall can reduce your risk of experiencing long-lasting injury, chronic pain or even death….Symptoms of a Potential Fall InjurySevere or lingering pain.Headaches.Obvious swelling.Ringing in the ears.Bruising.Loss of balance.Dizziness.Back pain.More items…•

Can I sleep if I hit my head?

A person can go to sleep following a concussion if he or she is awake and able to hold a conversation. No other symptoms, such as dilated pupils or trouble walking, should be present before sleeping. Dr. Rudolph treats concussions regularly in children, teens and adults.

How can I tell if a head injury is mild or severe?

Symptoms may include:Mild head injury: Raised, swollen area from a bump or a bruise. Small, superficial (shallow) cut in the scalp. Headache. … Moderate to severe head injury (requires immediate medical attention)–symptoms may include any of the above plus: Loss of consciousness. Severe headache that does not go away.

Why do elderly die after fall?

“People can die after a fall for many reasons, which may include head trauma, internal bleeding and complications of a bone fracture,” he said. “Fractures can lead to hospitalization, immobility in bed and respiratory or other infections, which can be fatal.” Several steps can be taken to reduce the risk, Pahor said.

Should I go to the ER after a fall?

Obvious injuries resulting from a fall, such as fractures (a broken bone), open wounds or head injuries that may or may not be associated with loss of consciousness, can require an Emergency Room visit.

When should you see a doctor after a fall?

If you are in serious pain If your pain isn’t improving in 24-48 hours of icing, taking Tylenol or Motrin, and resting the injured area, consider having a doctor look at the injury. As mentioned earlier, falling can also result in sprains or fractures, which are commonly seen in the ankles or wrists.

Why does your whole body hurt after a fall?

Two, the muscle or group of muscles can go into spasm, creating more pain and discomfort through multiple areas of the body. Thirdly, the vibration of a fall can resonate up the spine and into the neck, creating other things that need to be addressed.